Rangkuman, Contoh Soal Simple Past Pembahasan & Jawaban

Rangkuman Materi Simple Past Tense

SIMPLE PAST

Simple past tense adalah tense yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan peristiwa atau perbuatan yang terjadi di masa lalu dan disebutkan dengan jelas kapan terjadinya. Jadi jika kita berbicara tentang pengalaman, kejadian yang sudah berlangsung kemarin atau minggu, bulan, atau tahun lalu. Gunakan simple past tense.

VERBAL FROM (Menggunakan Kata Kerja)

Bentuk kata kerja (verbal form) dalam past tense ini menggunakan past verb atau verb 2. Perhatikan pola di bawah ini!.

Positive form:
Simple Past Tense

Negative form:
Simple Past Tense

Note: Verb 1 disebut juga infinitive verb

Keterangan waktu yang digunakan dalam simple past tense adalah:
Simple Past Tense

Contoh positive form:

  1. Jundy accepted the punishment from his manager last week because of his sleeping in the work time.
    (Jundy menerima hukuman dari manajernya minggu lalu karena ia tertidur di jam-jam kerja)
  1. Ten minutes ago, the photographer talked to that woman to keep her pose
    (Sepuluh menit yang lalu sang juru foto berbicara ke si wanita untuk tetap di posenya)
  1. The taxi driver just drove the car very carelessly so that it hit a banyan tree.
    (Si pengemudi taksi baru saja membawa mobilnya dengan ceroboh, sehingga si mobil menabrak pohon beringin)
  1. Yesterday, Tina’s children took permission to set a tent and do their camping activity behind my house.
    (Kemarin, anak-anaknya Tina meminta izin untuk mendirikan tenda dan melakukan kegitan berkemah di belakang rumahku)

Contoh negative form:

  1. Yeserday, Anna did not lock her room before leaving her dormitory house
    (Kemarin, Anna tidak mengunci ruangannya sebelum meninggalkan asramanya)
  1. Last year, The government of Brazil didn’t legalize the potent drink as the part of annual festival.
    (Tahun lalu, Pemerintah Brazil tidak melegalkan minuman keras sebagai bagian dari festival tahunan)
  1. That evil man did not kidnap one of the kids in the room.
    (Si pria jahat tidak menculik satu dari anak-anak di ruangan itu)
  1. This morning, I did not give my assistance to our wife because I was very busy enough.
    (Pagi tadi, Saya tidak memberikan bantuan kepada istriku karena saya cukup sibuk)

Interrogative Form

 Yes/No-Question atau Auxiliary Question(Apakah)
Simple Past Tense

 W/H-Question
Simple Past Tense

Catatan:

  • Yes/No-Q = Pertanyaan yang bermakna “apakah” dan diawali dengan did serta menghendaki jawaban yes or no
  • W/H-Q = Pertanyaan informasi yang di awali dengan what, when, where, who,why, dan how

 Contoh interrogative form:

  • Yes/No-Question
    • Did Arumi celebrate her birthday with her family yesterday?
      (Apakah Arumi merayakan hari ulang tahunnya dengan keluarganya kemarin?)
    • Did Rangga call the police to solve this criminal case last week?
      (Apakah Rangga menghubungi polisi untuk menyelesaikan kasus kriminal ini minggu lalu)
  • W/H-Question
    • Where did your uncle discard the used things three days ago?
      (Di mana pamanmu membuang barang-barang bekas tiga hari yang lalu?)
    • What did people there hear a minute ago so that they felt so shocked?
      (Apa yang orang-orang di sana dengar semenit yang lalu sehingga mereka merasa sangat kaget?)

Quick tips:
Verb 2 atau past verb pada umumnya memiliki akhiran berikut:

  • -ed : played, improved, stated, baked, loved, hated
  • -ht : taught, caught, brought, bought, sought
  • Irregular form : drank, sang, rang, swam, wrote, won, took

Keterangan:
Dalam kalimat positif, bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan adalah past form verb atau verb 2. Berikut ini adalah daftar kata kerja beraturan (regular verbs) dan tidak beraturan (irregular verbs)

Regular form [bentuk kata kerja beraturan]

Dalam hal ini, kalian cukup menambahkan imbuhan “-d/-ed” setelah kata kerja dasar. Paham kan? Perhatikan daftar kata kerja beraturan berikut ini: Semangat!

Verb 1

Verb 2Verb 3

Arti

Abase

Abash

Abate

Abandon

Abbreviate

Abdicate

Abduct

Abhor

Abolish

Abridge

Absorb

Abuse

Accelerate

Accept

Accommodate

Accompany

Accomplish

Adjust

Admire

Admit

Adopt

Adore

Advertise

Advise

Allot

Alter

Analyze

Answer

Apologize

Appear

Apply

Arrange

Ask

Avoid

Ban

Bandage

Believe

Betray

Blame

Blast

Block

Boycott

Calculate

Call

Capture

Carry

Celebrate

Change

Charter

Chat

Cheat

Check

Chew

Circulate

Claim

Classify

Climb

Close

Compile

Conceal

Conduct

Confirm

Connect

Cook

Copy

Count

Criticize

Cry

Damage

Dance

Debate

Decay

Declare

Decorate

Defend

Defer

Delete

Deliver

Deposit

Describe

Design

Destroy

Develop

Digest

Direct

Discuss

Disturb

Divide

Dry

Duplicate

Earn

Empty

Enjoy

Erase

Escape

Estimate

Eternalize

Evaluate

Examine

Exhibit

Expand

Explain

Export

Face

Filter

Fix

Fold

Formulate

Free

Fry

Gaze

Glow

Grumble

Guide

Handle

Haze

Help

Hesitate

Hijack

Ignore

Imagine

Import

Improve

Insist

Instruct

Invent

Invest

Jog

Jumble

Jump

Kick

Kidnap

Kill

Kiss

Knock

Label

Land

Launch

Legalize

Lessen

Lift

Limit

Listen

Localize

Lock

Look

Mail

Maintain

Manage

Memorize

Mix

Neglect

Notify

Obey

Observe

Occur

Offend

Offer

Open

Operate

Orbit

Paint

Panic

Pass

Peep

Perform

Phone

Photocopy

Picnic

Prepare

Present

Print

Process

Propel

Provide

Pull

Push

Quake

Qualify

Quarrel

Question

Quicken

Quote

Raid

Rebel

Refresh

Repair

Reply

Report

Review

Rob

Rub

Sabotage

Sail

Satisfy

Settle

Ship

Smoke

Spray

Stabilize

Stop

Supply

Tackle

Talk

Telephone

Televise

Thicken

Tie

Train

Travel

Type

Underline

Update

Urge

Urinate

Use

Vend

Ventilate

Veto

Visit

Vote

Wait

Walk

Wash

Waste

Watch

Whip

Whisper

Whistle

Worry

X-ray

Yawn

Yell

Yield

Zigzag

Zip

Zipper

Zoom

Abased

Abashed

Abated

Abandoned

Abbreviated

Abdicated

Abducted

Abhorred

Abolished

Abridged

Absorbed

Abused

Accelerated

Accepted

Accommodated

Accompanied

Accomplished

Adjusted

Admired

Admited

Adopted

Adored

Advertised

Advised

Alloted

Altered

Analyzed

Answered

Apologized

Appeared

Apply

Arranged

Asked

Avoided

Banned

Bandaged

Believed

Betrayed

Blamed

Blasted

Blocked

Boycotted

Calculated

Called

Captured

Carried

Celebrated

Changed

Chartered

Chatted

Cheated

Checked

Chewed

Circulated

Claimed

Classified

Climbed

Closed

Compiled

Concealed

Conducted

Confirmed

Connected

Cooked

Copied

Counted

Criticized

Cried

Damaged

Danced

Debated

Decayed

Declared

Decorated

Defended

Defered

Deleted

Delivered

Deposited

Described

Designed

Destroyed

Developed

Digested

Directed

Discussed

Disturbed

Divided

Dried

Duplicated

Earned

Emptied

Enjoyed

Erased

Escaped

Estimated

Eternalized

Evaluated

Examined

Exhibited

Expanded

Explained

Exported

Faced

Filtered

Fixed

Folded

Formulated

Freed

Fried

Gazed

Glowed

Grumbled

Guided

Handled

Hazed

Helped

Hesitated

Hijacked

Ignored

Imagined

Imported

Improved

Insisted

Instructed

Invented

Invested

Jogged

Jumbled

Jumped

Kicked

Kidnaped

Killed

Kissed

Knocked

Labeled

Landed

Launched

Legalized

Lessened

Lifted

Limited

Listened

Localized

Locked

Looked

Mailed

Maintained

Managed

Memorized

Mixed

Neglected

Notified

Obeyed

Observed

Occured

Offended

Offered

Opened

Operated

Orbited

Painted

Panicked

Passed

Peeped

Performed

Phoned

Photocopied

Picnicked

Prepared

Presented

Printed

Processed

Propeled

Provided

Pulled

Pushed

Quaked

Qualified

Quarrelled

Questioned

Quickened

Quoted

Raided

Rebelled

Refreshed

Repaired

Replied

Reported

Reviewed

Robbed

Rubbed

Sabotaged

Sailed

Satisfied

Settled

Shipped

Smoked

Sprayed

Stabilized

Stopped

Supplied

Tackled

Talked

Telephoned

Televised

Thickened

Tied

Trained

Traveled

Typed

Underlined

Updated

Urged

Urinated

Used

Vended

Ventilated

Vetoed

Visited

Voted

Waited

Walked

Washed

Wasted

Watched

Whipped

Whispered

Whistled

Worried

X-rayed

Yawned

Yelled

Yielded

Zigzagged

Zipped

Zippered

Zoomed

Abased

Abashed

Abated

Abandoned

Abbreviated

Abdicated

Abducted

Abhorred

Abolished

Abridged

Absorbed

Abused

Accelerated

Accepted

Accommodated

Accompanied

Accomplished

Adjusted

Admired

Admited

Adopted

Adored

Advertised

Advised

Alloted

Altered

Analyzed

Answered

Apologized

Appeared

Apply

Arranged

Asked

Avoided

Banned

Bandaged

Believed

Betrayed

Blamed

Blasted

Blocked

Boycotted

Calculated

Called

Captured

Carried

Celebrated

Changed

Chartered

Chatted

Cheated

Checked

Chewed

Circulated

Claimed

Classified

Climbed

Closed

Compiled

Concealed

Conducted

Confirmed

Connected

Cooked

Copied

Counted

Criticized

Cried

Damaged

Danced

Debated

Decayed

Declared

Decorated

Defended

Defered

Deleted

Delivered

Deposited

Described

Designed

Destroyed

Developed

Digested

Directed

Discussed

Disturbed

Divided

Dried

Duplicated

Earned

Emptied

Enjoyed

Erased

Escaped

Estimated

Eternalized

Evaluated

Examined

Exhibited

Expanded

Explained

Exported

Faced

Filtered

Fixed

Folded

Formulated

Freed

Fried

Gazed

Glowed

Grumbled

Guided

Handled

Hazed

Helped

Hesitated

Hijacked

Ignored

Imagined

Imported

Improved

Insisted

Instructed

Invented

Invested

Jogged

Jumbled

Jumped

Kicked

Kidnaped

Killed

Kissed

Knocked

Labeled

Landed

Launched

Legalized

Lessened

Lifted

Limited

Listened

Localized

Locked

Looked

Mailed

Maintained

Managed

Memorized

Mixed

Neglected

Notified

Obeyed

Observed

Occured

Offended

Offered

Opened

Operated

Orbited

Painted

Panicked

Passed

Peeped

Performed

Phoned

Photocopied

Picnicked

Prepared

Presented

Printed

Processed

Propeled

Provided

Pulled

Pushed

Quaked

Qualified

Quarrelled

Questioned

Quickened

Quoted

Raided

Rebelled

Refreshed

Repaired

Replied

Reported

Reviewed

Robbed

Rubbed

Sabotaged

Sailed

Satisfied

Settled

Shipped

Smoked

Sprayed

Stabilized

Stopped

Supplied

Tackled

Talked

Telephoned

Televised

Thickened

Tied

Trained

Traveled

Typed

Underlined

Updated

Urged

Urinated

Used

Vended

Ventilated

Vetoed

Visited

Voted

Waited

Walked

Washed

Wasted

Watched

Whipped

Whispered

Whistled

Worried

X-rayed

Yawned

Yelled

Yielded

Zigzagged

Zipped

Zippered

Zoomed

Menghilangkan

Memalukan

Berkurang

Meninggalkan

Menyingkat kata

Turun tahta

Menculik

Membenci

Menghapus

Menyingkat

Menyerap

Menyalahgunakan

Mempercepat

Menerima

Menampung

Menemani

Menyelesaikan

Menyesuaikan

Mengagumi

Mengakui

Mengambil

Memuja

Mengiklankan

Menyarankan

Membagikan

Mengubah

Menganalisis

Menjawab

Meminta maaf

Muncul, Nampak

Menerapkan

Menyusun

Meminta/Bertanya

Menghindari

Melarang

Membalut

Mempercayai

Menghianati

Menyalakan

Menghancurkan

Memblokade

Memboikot

Menghitung

Memanggil

Menangkap

Membawa

Merayakan

Mengubah

Mencarter

Mengobrol

Menipu

Memeriksa

Mengunyah

Mengedarkan

Mengklaim

Menggolongkan

Memanjat

Menutup

Menyusun

Menyembunyikan

Memimpin

Menegaskan

Menghubungkan

Memasak

Menyalin

Menghitung

Mencela

Menangis

Merusak

Berdansa

Memperdebatkan

Membusuk

Mengumumkan

Menghiasi

Mempertahankan

Menunda

Menghapus

Mengantarkan

Mendepositkan

Menggambarkan

Mendesain

Merusak

Mengembangkan

Mencerna

Mengarahkan

Mendiskusikan

Menggangu

Membagi

Mengeringkan

Menyalin

Memperoleh

Mengosongkan

Menikmati

Menghapus (kan)

Melarikan diri

Memperkirakan

Mengabadikan

Mengevaluasi

Menguji

Memamerkan

Mengembangkan

Menjelaskan

Mengekspor

Menghadapi

Menyaring

Membetulkan

Melipat

Merumuskan

Membebaskan

Menggoreng

Memandang

Bercahaya

Menggerutu

Memandu

Menangani

Memperplonco

Menolong

Ragu-ragu

Membajak

Mengabaikan

Membayangkan

Mengimpor

Memperbaiki

Mendesak

Mengajar / melatih

Menemukan

Menginvestasikan

Berlari-lari kecil

Mencampuradukan

Meloncat

Menendang

Menculik

Membunuh

Mencium

Mengetuk

Menamakan

Mendarat

Meluncurkan

Melegalkan

Mengurangi/melonggarkan

Mengangkat

Membatasi

Mendengar (kan)

Melokalisasi

Mengunci

Melihat

Memposkan

Memelihara

Mengatur

Mengingat

Mencampur

Mengabaikan

Memberitahukan

Mematuhi

Mengobservasi

Terjadi

Melanggar

Menawarkan

Membuka

Mengoperasikan

Melontarkan

Mengecat

Membuat panik

Melewati

Mengintip

Menampilkan

Menelepon

Memfotokopi

Bertamasya

Mempersiapkan

Menghadirkan

Mencetak

Memproses

Mendorong / menggerakan

Menyediakan

Menarik

Mendorong

Berguncang

Memenuhi syarat

Bertengkar

Menanya(i)/mempertanyakan

Mempercepat

Mengutip

Mempercepat

Memberontak

Menyegarkan

Memperbaiki

Menjawab

Memberitakan

Meninjau

Merampok

Menggosok

Menyabot

Berlayar

Memuaskan

Membereskan

Mengirimkan (lewat kapal)

Merokok

Menyemprot

Menstabikan

Menghentikan

Memasok

Memegang

Berbicara

Menelepon

Menyiarkan lewat TV

Menebalkan

Mengikat (kan)

Melatih

Berjalan-jalan

Mengetik

Menggarisbawahi

Meng-update

Mendesak

Kencing

Menggunakan

Menjajakan (dagangan)

Menukar udara

Memveto

Mengunjungi

Memberikan suara

Menunggu

Berjalan

Mencuci

Membuang

Menonton

Mencambuk

Membisikan

Meniup

Mengkhawatirkan

Menyinari dengan sinar -X

Menguap

Meneriaki

Mengalah/menyerah

Berkelok-kelok

Menutup resleting

Menutup resleting

Memperbesar

Irregular form [bentuk kata kerja tidak beraturan]

Verb past yang terbentuk secara tidak beraturan (irregular) tidak memiliki bentuk pasti. Maka dari itu kalian pahami dan hafalkan bentuk-bentuk berikut:

Verb 1

Verb 2Verb 3

Meaning

Be

Beat

Become

Begin

Bend

Bet

Bite

Blow

Break

Bring

Build

Burst

Buy

Catch

Choose

Come

Cost

Cut

Deal

Dig

Do

Draw

Drink

Drive

Eat

Fall

Feed

Feel

Fight

Find

Fly

Forbid

Forget

Forgive

Freeze

Get

Give

Go

Grow

Hang

Have

Hear

Hide

Hit

Hold

Hurt

Keep

Know

Lay

Lead

Leave

Lend

Let

Lie

Light

Lose

Make

Mean

Meet

Pay

Put

Read

Ride

Ring

Rise

Run

Say

See

Seek

Sell

Send

Set

Sew

Shake

Shine

Shoot

Show

Shrink

Shut

Sing

Sink

Sit

Sleep

Speak

Spend

Split

Spread

Spring

Stand

Steal

Stick

Sting

Stink

Strike

Swear

Sweep

Swim

Take

Teach

Tear

Tell

Think

Throw

Understand

Wake

Wear

Win

Write

Was/were

Beat

Became

Began

Bent

Bet

Bit

Blew

Broke

Brought

Built

Burst

Bought

Caught

Chose

Came

Cost

Cut

Dealt

Dug

Did

Drew

Drank

Drove

Ate

Fell

Fed

Felt

Fought

Found

Flew

Forbade

Forgot

Forgave

froze

Got

Gave

Went

Grew

Hung

Had

Heard

Hid

Hit

Held

Hurt

Kept

Knew

Laid

Led

Left

Lent

Let

lay

Lit

Lost

Made

Meant

Met

Paid

Put

Read

Rode

Rang

Rose

Run

Said

Saw

Sought

Sold

Sent

Set

Sewed

Shook

Shone

Shot

Showed

Shrank

Shut

Sang

Sank

Sit

Slept

Spoke

Spent

Split

Spread

Sprang

Stood

Stole

Stuck

Stung

Stank

Stroke

Swore

Swept

Swam

Took

Taught

Tore

Told

Thought

threw

understood

woke

wore

won

wrote

Been

Beaten

become

Begun

Bent

Bet

Bitten

Blown

Broken

Brought

Built

Burst

Bought

Caught

Chosen

Come

Cost

Cut

Dealt

Dug

Done

Drawn

Drunk

Driven

Eaten

Fallen

Fed

Felt

Fought

Found

Flown

Forbidden

Forgotten

Forgiven

Frozen

Got

Given

Gone

Grown

Hung

Had

Heard

Hidden

Hit

Held

Hurt

Kept

Known

Laid

Led

Left

Lent

Let

Lain

Lit

Lost

Made

Meant

Met

Paid

Put

Read

Ridden

Rung

Risen

Run

Said

Seen

Sought

Sold

Sent

Set

Sewn

Shaken

Shone

Shot

Shown

Shrunk

Shut

Sung

Sunk

Sit

Slept

Spoken

Spent

Split

Spread

Sprung

Stood

Stolen

Stuck

Stung

Stunk

Striken

Sworn

Swept

Swum

Taken

Taught

Torn

Told

Thought

Thrown

Understood

Waken

Worn

Won

Written

Adalah

Mengalahkan

Menjadi

Memulai

Membengkokan

Bertaruh

Menggigit

Meniup

Memecahkan

Membawa

Membangun

Membuka

Membeli

Menangkap

Memilih

Datang

Harganya

Memotong

Membagi/berurusan(dngn)

Menggali

Melakukan

Menggambar

Meminum

Mengendarai

Me-(makan)

Jatuh

Memberi makan

Merasakan

Bertarung

Menemukan

Terbang

Melarang

Melupakan

Memaafkan

Membeku

Mendapatkan

Memberi

Pergi

Tumbuh

Meggantung

Mempunyai

Mendengar

Menyembunyikan

Memukul

Memegang

Melukai

Menjaga

Mengetahui

Meletakan

Memimpin

Meninggalkan

Meminjamkan

Membiarkan

Berbohong

Menyalakan

Hilang / kalah

Membuat

Berarti

Menemui

Membayar

Menaruh

Membaca

Menunggangi

Membunyikan

Terbit

Berlari

Berkata

Melihat

Mencari

Menjual

Mengirimkan

Mengatur / Terbenam

Menjahit

Mengaduk / mengocok

Bersinar

Menembak

Menunjukan

Menyusut

Menutup

Menyanyi

Menenggelamkan

Duduk

Tidur

Berbicara

Menghabiskan

Memisahkan

Menyebarkan

Membocorkan

Berdiri

Mencuri

Menempel (kan)

Menyengat

Berbau busuk

Menyerang

Bersumpah

Menyapu

Berenang

Mengambil

Mengajar

Berlinang

Memberitahu

Memikirkan

Melempar

Memahami/ mengerti

Bangun

Memakai

Memenangkan

Menulis

NONVERBAL (Menggunakan Komplemen)

Pola non-verb selalu menggunakan predikat komplemen yang terdiri dari adjective (kata sifat), noun (kata benda), dan adverb of place (keterangan tempat). Perhatikan pola di bawah ini!
Simple Past Tense
Keterangan:
Be = Was/Were

Contoh non-verbal form

  1. Was Richard a financial manager when he worked in that service company? (Noun phrase)
    (Apakah Richard itu seorang manager keuangan ketika dia bekerja di perusahaan jasa itu?)
  2. The injured soldiers were smart enough to escape from the enemy troops’ attacking. (Adjective phrase)
    (Para tentara yang terluka itu cukup cerdas melarikan diri dari serangan pasukan musuh)
  3. The lost kids were just in a pentagonal building. (Adverb of place)
    (Anak-anak yang tersesat tersebut baru saja beada di sebuah banguan segilima)

Contoh Soal Simple Present Tense

Soal No.1
Ubahlah kata kerja di dalam tanda kurung (bracket) menjadi bentuk verb yang benar menurut kaidah simple past tense!

  1. Last night, the thieves _______ the front door and ______ steal some valuable things inside the house. (Break, start to)
  2. The hero successfully _______ the giant in the tight fight in front of the cave but he _______to save the prince’s life. (Defeat, fail)
  3. The chef _______ Thai foods in his previous restaurant because it ______ too risky to cook and offer the Thai foods to Moslem customers. (Not cook, Be)
  4. The theories from our professor _______acceptable by majority of students college here
    (Not be)
  5. Did the horse _______ the contaminated water from this river so it _____ dead? (Drink, Be)

PEMBAHASAN :

  1. Jawaban: broke, started to
    Pembahasan: last night adalah indikasi untuk simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2. Broke (mendobrak) dan started to (mulai) adalah bentuk verb 2 atau past verb.
  2. Jawaban: defeated, failed
    Pembahasan: cerita (story) harus memuat kaidah simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2. Defeated (mengalahkan) dan failed (gagal) adalah bentuk verb 2 atau past verb.
  3. Jawaban: did not cook, was
    Pembahasan: kata previous mengindikasikan simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2, did not, atau was/were. Did not cook (tidak memasak) dan was (Be) adalah bentuk-bentuk predikat dari simple past tense.
  4. Jawaban: were not
    Pembahasan: Indikasi dari simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2, did not, atau was/were. Were not (negative be) adalah bentuk predikat non-verbal dari subjek kalimat the theories
  5. Jawaban: drink, was
    Pembahasan: dalam kalimat tanya simple past tense. Gunakan verb 1 (drink) setelah auxiliary (did) dan be (was/were) dalam bentuk non-verbal-nya. It memiliki predikat non-verbal ”was”
Soal No.2
Why _____ Anton ______ his secret notes into the bottle last night?

  1. Does, hid
  2. Did, hid
  3. Does, hide
  4. Did, hide
  5. Do, hid

PEMBAHASAN :
Dalam bentuk tanya (W/H-Question) untuk simple past tense. Gunakan auxiliary did setelah partikel tanya why yang diikuti oleh verb 1/infinitive verb (hide).
Jawaban D

Soal No.3
Ellena ________ a glass of orange juice and ________ three bars of chocolate yesterday moning.

  1. Drank, ate
  2. Drinks, eat
  3. Drank, eaten
  4. Drink, ate
  5. Drinks, eaten

PEMBAHASAN :
Yesterday morning adalah time clue untuk simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2 untuk bentuk verbal-nya. Drank (meminum) dan ate (makan) adalah verb 2 yang berbetuk irregular (tak beraturan).
Jawaban A

Soal No.4
Ten days ago, some miners ________ trapped in this channel and ________ to call the emergency help.

  1. Were, scream
  2. Was, screamt
  3. Were, screamed
  4. Are, screamed
  5. Are, screamt

PEMBAHASAN :
Ten days ago (sepuluh hari yang lalu) adalah time clue untuk simple past tense yang menggunakan predikat verb 2 untuk bentuk verbal-nya dan was/were untuk predikat non-verbal-nya. Were (be) adalah predikat untuk subjek jamak the miners (para penambang) dan screamed (berteriak) adalah verb 2 yang berbetuk regular (beraturan).
Jawaban C

Soal No.5
The riders almost__________ fatal crash in the last corner but they ______ still control their balance.

  1. Get, could
  2. Got, could
  3. Got, can
  4. Get, can
  5. Was getting, could

PEMBAHASAN :
Simple past tense  menggunakan predikat verb 2 (got) untuk bentuk verbal-nya dan could (verb 1-nya: can) untuk predikat modal-nya.

Jawaban B

Soal No.6
Which one is grammatically correct?

  1. Last week, Ajeng did not cleaned the dirty room
  2. Did the clerk typed the trade document last night?
  3. Was “Kahitna Band” perform in Westd Java yesterday?
  4. Karina not was a nurse when she worked in that medical centre
  5. There were three bikes in this locked room

PEMBAHASAN :

  • Opsi A: Setelah did not harusnya clean (bentuk verb 1)
  • Opsi B: Dalam kalimat tanya (setelah did) gunakan verb 1 (type)
  • Opsi C: Dalam kalimat tanya berbentuk verbal, gunakan did bukan was
  • Opsi D: Bentuk negatif untuk non-verbal form adalah: was not bukan not was.

Jawaban E

Sebelumnya Rangkuman, Contoh Soal Simple Present Pembahasan & Jawaban
Selanjutnya Rangkuman, Contoh Soal If Conditional Pembahasan & Jawaban

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.