Rangkuman Materi, Contoh Soal Gerund dan Infinitive & Pembahasannya

Rangkuman Materi Gerund dan Infinitive & Pembahasannya

Gerund

Pengertian Gerund

Gerund merupakan kata kerja berbentuk -ing (V-ing) yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Contohnya  drinking, singing, studying, running, dan lain-lain.

Fungsi Gerund

Subjek

Rumusnya: S (gerund) + V + O

Contohnya:

  • Swimming is my hobby
  • Studying English is fun
  • Smoking is not good for health

Objek

Rumusnya: S + V + O (gerund)

Contohnya:

  • I like swimming
  • I don’t like smoking

Komplemen (pelengkap predikat)

Contohnya:

  • Her past time is sewing
  • My hobby is reading

Objek preposisi (in, on, by, for, about, with)

Contohnya:

  • I am interested in learning mathematics
  • Thank you for helping me
  • The topic is about studying abroad

Objek kata kerja tertentu

Contohnya:

  • I appreciate his giving
  • I enjoy talking to her

Gerund berfungsi sebagai objek kata kerja tertentu, sebagai berikut:

  1. Admit
  2. Allow
  3. Appreciate
  4. Avoid
  5. Consider
  6. Continue
  7. Deny
  8. Delay
  9. Detest
  10. Dread
  11. Enjoy
  12. Excuse
  13. Fancy
  14. Forgive
  15. Finish
  16. Hate
  17. Imagine
  18. Involve
  19. Keep
  20. Mind
  21. Neglect
  22. Prevent
  23. Practise
  24. Postpone
  25. Prevent
  26. Resist
  27. Risk
  28. Recollect
  29. Suggest
  30. Understand

Objek setelah kata kerja berpreposisi To

Contohnya:

  • They object to financing the orphans
  • He is looking forward to seeing her

Gerund berfungsi sebagai objek setelah kata kerja berpreposisi To, sebagai berikut:

  1. Be used to (terbiasa)
  2. Be accustomed to (terbiasa)
  3. Be averse to (menolak)
  4. Confess to (mengakui)
  5. Get used to (terbiasa)
  6. Look forward to (mananti-nanti)
  7. Object to (berkeberatan)
  8. Take to (menyukai)

Keterangan kata benda (noun modifier)

Noun modifier berfungsi untuk menjelaskan kegunaan kata benda yang diterangkan.

Contohnya:

  • The waiting room is full of girl
  • David dives off his diving board
  • Rita wants a writing book

Possessive adjectives

Gerund dapat digunakan sesudah possessive adjectives. Possessive adjective yang dimaksud diantaranya yours, my, her, his, their, our, etc.

Contohnya:

  • Her coming late makes her teacher angry
  • I appreciate his giving

Kata kerja bermakna pasif

Kata kerja need, require, want yang diikuti gerund akan bermakna pasif

Contohnya:

  • The air conditioner requires cleaning = the air conditioner requires to be cleaned
  • The house needs painting = the house needs to be painted

Pernyataan larangan

Contohnya:

  • No parking
  • No smoking
  • No spitting

Kata kerja khusus

Kata kerja khusus adalah kata kerja dengan perbedaan makna yang sangat kontras ketika diikuti gerund (Ving) ataupun infinitive (to V1). Kata kerja tersebut yaitu:

Regret, forget, remember, stop + Ving ® sudah me …

Contohnya:

  • I stop smoking
  • I forgot giving Sarah an invitation

Regret, forget, remember, stop + V1 ® akan me …

Contohnya:

  • I stop to smoke
  • I forget to give

Verbs of sense

Verbs of sense dapat diikuti dengan Ving . Jenis-jenis verbs of sense sebagai berikut:

  • Feel
  • Look at
  • See
  • Notice
  • Observe
  • Hear
  • Know
  • Listen to
  • Watch

Contohnya: I notice him sleeping under the tree

Infinitive

Pengertian Infinitive

Infinitive merupakan kata kerja yang menggunakan to atau to infinitive (to + V1) dan kata kerja tanpa to atau bare infinitive (V1 without to).

Penggunaan To Infinitive

Subjek

Penggunaan to infinitive sebagai subjek. Contohnya:

  • To visit Cappadocia is may dream
  • To drive fast needs a lot of practice

Noun modifier

To infinitive sebagai penjelas kata benda (noun modifier), contohnya:

  • We need water to drink
  • He took a chair to sit
  • They have some work to do

Adjective modifier

To infinitive sebagai penjelas kata sifat (adjective modifier), contohnya:

  • The coffee is too hot to drink
  • I am happy of you to be here
  • It is very dangerous for children to cross the busy road

Verb modifier

To infinitive sebagai penjelas kata kerja (Verb modifier), contohnya:

  • I go there to see him
  • She decided to continue her study

Modifier of a WH-Word or a WH-Phrases

To infinitive setelah kata tanya atau frasa yang dimulai dengan kata tanya (Modifier of a WH-Word or a WH-Phrases).

Contohnya:

  • I don’t know where to go
  • He asked me how to do the exercise

Kata kerja tertentu

Kata kerja tertentu harus diikuti to infinitive. kata kerja tersebut yaitu:

  • Advise
  • Allow
  • Ask
  • Beg
  • Decide
  • Expect
  • Force
  • Hope
  • Intend
  • Invite
  • Instruct
  • Learn
  • Mean
  • Need
  • Permit
  • Promise
  • Propose
  • Require
  • Request
  • Warn
  • Want
  • Wish
  • Would like
  • Tell
  • Teach
  • Urge

Rumus yang berlaku sebagai berikut:

  • S + V + To-Infinitive
    Contoh:

    • They promise to study together
    • He decided to continue study abroad
  • S + V + O + To-Infinitive
    Contoh:

    • My mother advised me to study hard
    • I want you to go at once

Penggunaan Bare Infinitive (Infinitive Without To)

Setelah modal

Penggunaan bare infinitive setelah kata kerja bantu (modal). Kata kerja bantu tersebut yaitu:

  • Can
  • Could
  • May
  • Might
  • Shall
  • Should
  • Ought to
  • Will
  • Would
  • Must

Contohnya:

  • They can answer the questions
  • You should study tonight
  • He could run faster than me

Setelah kata

Penggunaan bare infinitive setelah kata berikut:

  • Need not
  • Dare not
  • Would rather
  • Had better
  • Would sooner

Contohnya:

  • He would rather go than stay at home
  • I dare not ask him about his family
  • You had better finish your homework immediately

Setelah causative

Penggunaan bare infinitive setelah causative have, let, make dengan objek aktif.

Contohnya:

  • He let me use his computer
  • I have him clean his room everyday

Setelah verbs of senses

Penggunaan bare infinitive setelah verbs of senses. Jenis-jenis verbs of sense sebagai berikut:

  • Feel
  • Look at
  • See
  • Notice
  • Observe
  • Hear
  • Know
  • Listen to
  • Watch

Contohnya:

  • I notice him sleep under the tree
  • She heard the boy call for help

Contoh Soal Gerund dan Infinitive & Pembahasannya

Soal No.1
Sinta : I used to love going to Puncak over the weekend.
Luli : …

  1. I love Puncak too
  2. So, where do you go now?
  3. That’s great. Why don’t we go next week?
  4. So, you still enjoy going to Puncak?
  5. Why do you like it so much

PEMBAHASAN :
Sinta : I used to love going to Puncak over the weekend.
(Sinta : Dulu saya suka pergi ke Puncak saat akhir pekan)
Luli : …
Pernyataan Sinta berarti sekarang tidak lagi ke Puncak, maka untuk merespon pernyataan Sinta tersebut adalah so, where do you go now? (jadi, ke mana kamu pergi sekarang?)
Jawaban B

Soal No.2
“What are you doing now?”
“I’m looking for my calculator. I remember … it into the car when we left for work.”

  1. To throw
  2. Throw
  3. Throwing
  4. Threw
  5. Had thrown

PEMBAHASAN :
“What are you doing now?”
(Apa yang kamu lakukan sekarang?)
“I’m looking for my calculator. I remember … it into the car when we left for work.”
(Saya sedang mencari kalkulator saya. Saya ingat … itu ke dalam mobil ketika kami berangkat kerja)
Rumus yang berlaku untuk kalimat di atas yaitu:
Kata kerja remember, forget, regret, stop + Ving → jika sudah dilakukan atau to + V1 → jika akan dilakukan
Maka jawabannya adalah throwing (melempar)
Jawaban C

Soal No.3
“Will your father decide to move to his home town after his retires?”
“Well, he considers … here in Jakarta, but my mother is against the idea.”

  1. To be stayed
  2. To stay
  3. Stay
  4. To be staying
  5. Staying

PEMBAHASAN :
“Will your father decide to move to his home town after his retires?”
(Akankah ayahmu memutuskan untuk pindah ke kampung halamannya setelah dia pensiun?)
“Well, he considers … here in Jakarta, but my mother is against the idea.”
(Yah, dia menganggap … di sini di Jakarta, tapi ibuku menentang gagasan itu)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah staying
Jawaban E

Soal No.4
The children went on talking when the teacher came into the room; in fact, they didn’t even stop … “Good morning”.

  1. Saying
  2. To say
  3. Say
  4. To saying
  5. To be saying

PEMBAHASAN :
The children went on talking when the teacher came into the room; in fact, they didn’t even stop … “Good morning”.
(Anak-anak terus berbicara ketika guru masuk ke dalam ruangan; nyatanya, mereka bahkan tidak berhenti … “Selamat Pagi”.)
Rumus yang berlaku untuk kalimat di atas yaitu:
Kata kerja remember, forget, regret, stop + Ving → jika sudah dilakukan atau to + V1 → jika akan dilakukan
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah to stay
Jawaban B

Soal No.5
“Why don’t you ask Mr. Abidin for a donation?”
“Well, you know that he is not generous. So it’s no use … him.”

  1. To ask
  2. You ask
  3. To be asking
  4. Asking
  5. Ask

PEMBAHASAN :
Why don’t you ask Mr. Abidin for a donation?”
(Kenapa tidak minta bantuan Pak Abidin?)
“Well, you know that he is not generous. So it’s no use … him.”
(Yah, kamu tahu dia tidak murah hati. Jadi tidak ada gunanya … dia)
Kata so it’s no use harus diikuti dengan gerund (Ving), maka jawabannya adalah asking (meminta)
Jawaban D

Soal No.6
Tati declined the offer of … to Singapore as a representative of our company.

  1. Being transferred
  2. Is transferred
  3. Transferred
  4. To transferred
  5. Be transferred

PEMBAHASAN :
Tati declined the offer of … to Singapore as a representative of our company.
(Tati menolak tawaran … ke Singapura sebagai perwakilan dari perusahaan kami)
Terdapat kata depan of  yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), karena jawabannya bermakna pasif maka rumusnya menjadi being + V3being transferred
Jawaban A

Soal No.7
“I need to do some exercise to stay fit.”
“Have you considered … for one hour everyday?”

  1. Walking
  2. You walk
  3. To walk
  4. To be walking
  5. Walk

PEMBAHASAN :
“I need to do some exercise to stay fit.”
(Saya perlu berolahraga agar tetap bugar)
“Have you considered … for one hour everyday?”
(Sudahkah kamu mempertimbangkan … selama satu jam setiap hari?)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah walking
Jawaban A

Soal No.8
“What has made her so busy these days?”
“ … for the Bazaar that will be held next month.”

  1. to prepare
  2. she prepares
  3. its preparation
  4. preparing
  5. in preparing

PEMBAHASAN :
“What has made her so busy these days?”
(Apa yang membuatnya begitu sibuk akhir-akhir ini?)
“ … for the Bazaar that will be held next month.”
( … untuk Bazaar yang akan diadakan bulan depan)
Untuk melengkapi kalimat di atas diperlukan subjek yang berbentuk Ving yaitu preparing.
Jawaban D

Soal No.9
I am looking forward to … you next week.

  1. Seeing
  2. See
  3. Will see
  4. Be seeing
  5. Be seen

PEMBAHASAN :
I am looking forward to … you next week.
(Saya menantikan … kamu minggu depan)
Terdapat preposisi to yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving) yaitu am looking forward to seeing.
Jawaban A

Soal No.10
“Why don’t you want Amir to be the team leader?”
“Well, I don’t like … people around!”

  1. His ordering
  2. Why he orders
  3. He is ordering
  4. He orders
  5. With his ordering

PEMBAHASAN :
“Why don’t you want Amir to be the team leader?”
(Mengapa kamu tidak ingin Amir menjadi ketua tim?)
Well, I don’t like … people around!”
(Yah, aku tidak suka … orang-orang di sekitar!)
Berlaku rumus: don’t like + his + Ving
Maka jawabannya his ordering
Jawaban A

Soal No.11
“What has the donated money been used for?”
“ … a school for the needy.”

  1. We set up
  2. Setting up
  3. It is set up
  4. In setting up
  5. Sets up

PEMBAHASAN :
“What has the donated money been used for?”
(Uang yang disumbangkan itu digunakan untuk apa?)
“ … a school for the needy.”
( … sekolah untuk yang membutuhkan)
Terdapat preposisi for, sehingga harus diikuti dengan gerund (Ving). Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah setting up.
Jawaban B

Soal No.12
Being lost, the tourist stopped … at his map for the place they wanted to visit.

  1. looking
  2. To look
  3. Looked
  4. He looked
  5. Was looking

PEMBAHASAN :
Being lost, the tourist stopped … at his map for the place they wanted to visit.
(Karena tersesat, turis itu berhenti … peta untuk tempat yang ingin mereka kunjungi)
Untuk jawaban dengan makna yang akan dilakukan, rumusnya yaitu stop + to + V1
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah to look.
Jawaban B

Soal No.13
We were astonished at … a good score for his TOEFL inspite of his poor English.

  1. He could get
  2. His being able to get
  3. To be able to get
  4. Being able to get
  5. Be able to get

PEMBAHASAN :
We were astonished at … a good score for his TOEFL inspite of his poor English.
(Kami heran dengan … skor yang bagus untuk TOEFL-nya meskipun bahasa Inggrisnya buruk)
Terdapat preposisi at yang harus diikuti dengan noun phrase, maka jawabannya adalah his being able to get.
Jawaban B

Soal No.14
She was very sad because her father did not approve of … too often.

  1. I saw her
  2. Me to see her
  3. My seeing her
  4. Me seeing her
  5. That I see her

PEMBAHASAN :
She was very sad because her father did not approve of … too often.
(Dia sangat sedih karena ayahnya tidak merestui … terlalu sering)
Terdapat preposisi  of  yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving). Karena terdapat possessive pronoun maka Ving harus diletakkan sesudahnya. Jadi jawabannya adalah me seeing her
Jawaban D

Soal No.15
Since my father and my mother are both working, we usually go … on Sundays.

  1. To shop
  2. They shop
  3. Shopping
  4. For shopping
  5. Shop

PEMBAHASAN :
Since my father and my mother are both working, we usually go … on Sundays.
(Karena ayah dan ibu saya sama-sama bekerja, kami biasanya pergi … pada hari Minggu)
Jawaban yang tepat adalah shopping (belanja).
Jawaban C

Soal No.16
“What are the horns of a buffalo used for?”
“Well mostly for … handycrafts.”

  1. Make
  2. To make
  3. Being made
  4. They Make
  5. Making

PEMBAHASAN :
“What are the horns of a buffalo used for?”
(Untuk apa tanduk kerbau itu?)
“Well mostly for … handycrafts.”
(Yah Sebagian besar untuk … kerajinan tangan)
Terdapat preposisi for, sehingga harus diikuti dengan gerund (Ving). Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah making (membuat)
Jawaban E

Soal No.17
“What did Adi finally decide?”
“ … is Master’s degree in Australia.”

  1. He can take
  2. His taking
  3. Taking
  4. Be Taking
  5. To take

PEMBAHASAN :
“What did Adi finally decide?”
(Apa yang akhirnya diputuskan Adi?)
“ … is Master’s degree in Australia.”
( … adalah gelar Master di Australia)
Kata kerja berikut adalah yang harus diikuti to + V1 yaitu:
Want
Allow
Hope
Decide
Ask
Need
Intend
Tell
Order
Promise
Beg
Expect
Require
Advise
Teach
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah to take.
Jawaban E

Soal No.18
“As a student, I always had noodles for breakfast.”
This means that I … for breakfast.

  1. Am having instant noodles
  2. Like to have instant noodles
  3. Am used to having instant noodles
  4. Have instant noodles
  5. Used to have instant noodles

PEMBAHASAN :
“As a student, I always had noodles for breakfast.”
(Sebagai mahasiswa, saya selalu sarapan mie)
This means that I … for breakfast
(Ini berarti saya … untuk sarapan)
Keterangan waktu: kebiasaan waktu lampau → used + to + V1 atau always + V2
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah used to have instant noodles (dulu punya mie instant)
Jawaban E

Soal No.19
“What is Iwan’s decision concerning his house?”
“ … it before putting it up for sale.”

  1. His renovating
  2. For renovating
  3. Be renovated
  4. Renovated
  5. To renovate

PEMBAHASAN :
“What is Iwan’s decision concerning his house?”
(Apa keputusan Iwan tentang rumahnya?)
“ … it before putting it up for sale.”
( … sebelum menjualnya)
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah to renovate (untuk merenovasi)
Jawaban E

Soal No.20
“What do you need my calculator for?”
“ … this math problem”

  1. In solving
  2. My solving
  3. Solved
  4. To solve
  5. I solve

PEMBAHASAN :
“What do you need my calculator for?”
(Untuk apa kamu membutuhkan kalkulator saya?)
“ … this math problem”
( … soal matematika ini)
Kalimat di atas bermakna kegunaan/ tujuan maka dapat menggunakan rumus to + V1
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah to solve.
Jawaban D

Soal No.21
My brother, who was not used to … a room with some else, was quite unhappy when he couldn’t have his own room in a dormitory.

  1. Sharing
  2. Share
  3. Be sharing
  4. Be shared
  5. Being shared

PEMBAHASAN :
My brother, who was not used to … a room with some else, was quite unhappy when he couldn’t have his own room in a dormitory.
(Adikku, yang tidak terbiasa … satu kamar dengan orang lain, sangat tidak senang ketika dia tidak bisa memiliki kamar sendiri di asrama)
Terdapat preposisi to yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving)  dan kalimat di atas bermakna aktif. Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah sharing.
Jawaban A

Soal No.22
The crowd has been waiting outside the hotel for hours just … a glimpse of the famous singer.

  1. Getting
  2. They get
  3. Get
  4. For getting
  5. To get

PEMBAHASAN :
The crowd has been waiting outside the hotel for hours just … a glimpse of the famous singer.
(Kerumunan telah menunggu di luar hotel selama berjam-jam hanya … sekilas penyanyi terkenal itu)
Kalimat di atas bermakna untuk menyatakan tujuan, berlaku rumus: to + V1 to get (untuk melihat).
Jawaban E

Soal No.23
My friend Hasan is considering … school before finishing it because of financial reasons.

  1. He leaves
  2. About leaving
  3. He wants to leave
  4. In leaving
  5. Leaving

PEMBAHASAN :
My friend Hasan is considering … school before finishing it because of financial reasons.
(Teman saya Hasan sedang mempertimbangkan … sekolah sebelum menyelesaikannya karena alasan keuangan)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah leaving.
Jawaban E

Soal No.24
The man sitting next to Ati said, “Do you mind … ?”

  1. Smoking
  2. I smoke
  3. To smoke
  4. My smoking
  5. Be smoking

PEMBAHASAN :
The man sitting next to Ati said, “Do you mind … ?”
(Pria yang duduk di sebelah Ati berkata, “Apakah kamu keberatan … ?)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Terdapat possessive pronoun maka gerund (Ving) diletakkan sesudahnya.
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah my smoking.
Jawaban D

Soal No.25
After … his pass, he was allowed to enter the building.

  1. Shown
  2. Have shown
  3. Showed
  4. Showing
  5. To show

PEMBAHASAN :
After … his pass, he was allowed to enter the building.
(Setelah … izinnya, dia diizinkan memasuki Gedung)
Untuk melengkapi kalimat di atas diperlukan kata kerja. Kata sambung after jika diikuti kata kerja maka bentuk kata kerjanya harus Ving . Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah showing.
Jawaban D

Soal No.26
“What was he punished for?”
“ … others to break school rules.”

  1. When he persuaded
  2. Persuading
  3. In order to persuade
  4. By persuading
  5. To persuade

PEMBAHASAN :
“What was he punished for?”
(Untuk apa dia dihukum?)
“ … others to break school rules.”
( … yang lain melanggar peraturan sekolah)
Terdapat preposisi for, sehingga harus diikuti dengan gerund (Ving). Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah persuading (mempengaruhi).
Jawaban B

Soal No.27
Her winning a prize in the beauty contest surprise me.
The underlined words mean: “ … “

  1. The fact that she won a prize
  2. She is winning a prize
  3. When she won a prize
  4. The expectation that she’ll win a prize
  5. After she won a prize

PEMBAHASAN :
Her winning a prize in the beauty contest surprise me.
(Kemenangannya dalam kontes kecantikan mengejutkan saya)
The underlined words mean: “ … “
(Kata-kata yang digarisbawahi berarti: … )
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah the fact that she won a prize (fakta bahwa dia memenangkan hadiah)
Jawaban A

Soal No.28
I remember … in this town when traffic wasn’t too heavy yet.

  1. Be driving
  2. Were drive
  3. Drive
  4. Our driving
  5. To drive

PEMBAHASAN :
I remember … in this town when traffic wasn’t too heavy yet.
(Saya ingat … di kota ini ketika lalu lintas belum terlalu padat)
Kalimat di atas menunjukkan “jika ingat sesuatu yang sudah dilakukan” maka kata kerja remember harus diikuti gerund (Ving). Sehingga jawaban yang tepat adalah our driving.
Jawaban D

Soal No.29
“Where is Budi?”
“Oh! I completely forgot … him.”

  1. o Invite
  2. Not inviting
  3. Invite
  4. Not to invite
  5. Inviting

PEMBAHASAN :
“Where is Budi?”
(Di mana Budi?)
“Oh! I completely forgot … him.”
(Oh! Aku benar-benar lupa … dia)
Petunjuk untuk menyelesaikan soal di atas adalah kata kerja forgot.
Untuk kalimat dengan makna “seharusnya sudah dilakukan” maka kata kerja dapat diikuti gerund (Ving), sedangkan untuk kalimat dengan makna “akan dilakukan” menggunakan rumus to + V1 . sehingga jawaban yang tepat adalah inviting.
Jawaban E

Soal No.30
We always avoid … to the zoo on Sundays because it is too crowded.

  1. Going
  2. Go
  3. We go
  4. To go
  5. To be going

PEMBAHASAN :
We always avoid … to the zoo on Sundays because it is too crowded.
(Kami selalu menghindari … ke kebun binatang pada hari Minggu karena terlalu ramai)
Terdapat kata kerja avoid yang harus diikuti dengan gerund (Ving). Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah going.
Jawaban A

Soal No.31
“What don’t you like about Irwan?”
“ … “

  1. Why he wears earrings
  2. To wear earrings
  3. His wearing earrings
  4. For wearing earrings
  5. Wearing earrings

PEMBAHASAN :
“What don’t you like about Irwan?”
(Apa yang tidak kamu sukai dari irwan?)
Untuk menjawab soal di atas kata kerja berbentuk gerund (Ving) dengan possessive pronoun (his) maka gerund (Ving) diletakkan sesudahnya.
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah his wearing earrings.
Jawaban C

Soal No.32
“My niece is not used … in a dormitory.”

  1. To live
  2. Living
  3. To living
  4. Live
  5. Lives

PEMBAHASAN :
“My niece is not used … in a dormitory.”
(Keponakan saya tidak terbiasa … di asrama)
Rumus yang berlaku untuk melengkapi kalimat di atas adalah be used to + Ving  . Maka jawabannya yaitu to living.
Jawaban C

Soal No.33
As a child I always enjoyed … in the rain.

  1. Be playing
  2. Play
  3. Played
  4. Playing
  5. To play

PEMBAHASAN :
As a child I always enjoyed … in the rain.
(Sebagai seorang anak saya selalu menikmati … dalam hujan)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah playing.
Jawaban D

Soal No.34
Despite criticisms from political opponents, the new president continues his … abroad to appeal to foreign countries to invest  in Indonesia.

  1. To travel
  2. Travelled
  3. Travelling
  4. Be travelling
  5. to be travelled

PEMBAHASAN :
Despite criticisms from political opponents, the new president continues his … abroad to appeal to foreign countries to invest  in Indonesia.
(Terlepas dari kritik dari lawan politik, presiden baru melanjutkan … di luar negeri untuk menarik negara asing untuk berinvestasi di Indonesia)
Untuk menjawab soal di atas kata kerja berbentuk gerund (Ving) dengan possessive pronoun (his) maka gerund (Ving) diletakkan sesudahnya.
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah his travelling.
Jawaban C

Soal No.35
“Did you thank Andi for the dictionary he bought for you?”
Yes, I did; I really appreciate … it for me.

  1. To buy
  2. Buys
  3. Buying it
  4. To have bought
  5. His buying

PEMBAHASAN :
“Did you thank Andi for the dictionary he bought for you?”
(Apakah kamu berterimakasih kepada Andi untuk kamus yang dia belikan untukmu?)
Yes, I did; I really appreciate … it for me.
(Ya saya lakukan; Saya sangat menghargai … itu untuk saya)
Berikut adalah kata kerja yang harus diikuti gerund (Ving), diantaranya:
Mind
Appreciate
Suggest
Deny
Consider
Understand
Admit
Keep
Enjoy
Practice
Untuk menjawab soal di atas kata kerja berbentuk gerund (Ving) dengan possessive pronoun (his) maka gerund (Ving) diletakkan sesudahnya.
Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah his buying.
Jawaban E

Sebelumnya Rangkuman Materi, Contoh Soal Pola Dan Barisan Bilangan SMP & Pembahasan
Selanjutnya Rangkuman, Contoh Soal & Pembahasan Trigonometri

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